Diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure (also known as hypertension) are conditions that affect the circulatory system of the body. They are both commonly referred to as “blood pressure”, although they have different causes and symptoms.
both are serious health problems. Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases that affect how glucose (sugar) is used by the body’s cells.
To understand the relation of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension we will look at the different types of DM and its main complications, etiology, pathophysiology, possible treatment and prevention with special reference to uncomplicated DM.
Diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure are both medical disorders that affect millions of people worldwide. In each case, you have patients who are suffering from chronic pain that is difficult to manage.
There are many different medications for treating diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure. The goal of any physician is to find the medication that not only treats the immediate symptoms but works towards finding a permanent cure.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and high blood pressure (HBP) are the two most common non-communicable diseases in the world. Taken together, their combined prevalence makes them the fourth leading cause of mortality worldwide.
Key takeaway points
- Diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure
- Does diabetes mellitus cause high BP?
- What type of diabetes causes high blood pressure?
- Can blood sugar levels affect blood pressure?
- What is normal blood pressure for diabetics?
Diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure
Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas (a large gland behind the stomach) that helps glucose (sugar) get into the cells of the body where it can be used for energy.
With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces little or no insulin. With type 2 diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body does not use insulin well. In either case, this causes glucose to build up in the blood instead of going into cells.
This force makes your arteries expand and become larger than they would normally be. High blood pressure means that these expanded arteries press against other structures in their path, such as bones, joints and organs like kidneys and eyes.
If this extra pressure continues over time without treatment, it can damage your organs permanently even leading to stroke or heart attack.
The link between diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure is well-established. Both conditions are associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease, as well as heart failure.
Each disorder independently increases the risk of death from cardiovascular causes by about a third. Diabetes is a condition where your blood sugar levels are too high.
High blood sugar can cause many problems, including damage to your heart, eyes and kidneys. It also increases your risk of having a stroke or developing heart disease.
High blood pressure is when the force of blood against the walls of your arteries (blood vessels) is too high.
The result is that it takes more effort for your heart to pump blood through your body. Over time this can increase your risk of stroke and heart attack, as well as other complications.
When you have diabetes, you either don’t make enough insulin or your body doesn’t use insulin properly.
The higher the pressure in the arteries, the greater the risk of damage to your heart and blood vessels over time; this can lead to heart disease, kidney disease and stroke.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas produces little or no insulin because it is attacked by the body’s immune system (an autoimmune disorder).
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas either does not produce enough insulin or the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin (called insulin resistance).
The treatment of both types involves taking insulin daily as well as following a special diet that reduces blood sugar levels and helps control weight.
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Does diabetes mellitus cause high BP?
Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the blood glucose level is higher than normal. It is not caused by a single disease, but rather a group of metabolic diseases that affect how the body metabolizes sugar and how it uses insulin.
This damage causes them to become less flexible and more stiff, which increases resistance to blood flow through these vessels. Blood pressure rises as a result of this extra work required for your heart to pump against this increased resistance.
Endothelial dysfunction caused by high glucose levels can also lead to increased formation of free radicals that cause inflammation in the vascular system (vascular inflammation).
This inflammation leads to thickening of vessel walls and further increases blood pressure by increasing resistance to blood flow through vessels.
Diabetes mellitus, or diabetes, is a common medical condition that affects the way your body uses blood sugar. Blood sugar is necessary for energy, and when you don’t have enough of it, you may feel tired and hungry.
Diabetes can affect your entire body, but it has a significant effect on your heart and blood vessels. If you have diabetes and high blood pressure (hypertension), your risk of heart disease and stroke is higher than for someone who does not have diabetes.
High blood pressure can also lead to heart failure when the heart muscle becomes weak from a buildup of fluid within the chambers as well as heart attacks or other serious cardiovascular problems.
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What type of diabetes causes high blood pressure?
The short answer is that all types of diabetes can cause high blood pressure (hypertension). If you have diabetes and also have high blood pressure, it’s important to work with your health care team to manage both conditions.
If you have diabetes, your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or your cells don’t respond to insulin as they should. Insulin helps the body use glucose (blood sugar) for energy.
Without it, glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of being used for energy. This causes an increase in blood sugar levels and over time can damage nerves, blood vessels and kidneys.
And as we age, our ability to regulate salt intake declines so this may be one reason why high blood pressure is more common among older people than younger ones (although it’s still possible to develop high blood pressure at any age).
for example, 120/80 mm Hg. The systolic number represents the highest pressure reading during one heartbeat; the diastolic number represents the lowest pressure reading during one heartbeat.
Can blood sugar levels affect blood pressure?
When you have diabetes, your body doesn’t use insulin properly. This causes your blood sugar levels to be higher than normal usually much higher than what would be considered high for someone without diabetes or prediabetes.High blood sugar levels lead to complications such as heart attacks, strokes and kidney failure.
These complications may make it difficult for your body to regulate your blood pressure effectively, making it more difficult for you to maintain healthy levels of blood pressure on your own. The link between diabetes and high blood pressure is well-known. But did you know that high blood sugar can also affect your blood pressure?
According to the American Heart Association, people with diabetes have a higher risk of developing high blood pressure than people without diabetes do. In addition, people with type 2 diabetes are more likely to have high blood pressure than those with type 1 or gestational diabetes.
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What is normal blood pressure for diabetics?
The top number (systolic) is the maximum pressure in your arteries during heartbeats when the heart muscle contracts. The bottom number (diastolic) is the minimum pressure between heartbeats when your heart muscle is relaxing.
You have high blood pressure (also called hypertension) if your systolic reading is 140 or higher or your diastolic reading 90 or higher. If you have diabetes, it’s even more important to keep track of your blood pressure because it’s often higher than normal.
There are many factors that determine what a normal blood pressure is for you.
These factors include age, sex, height, weight, and other medical conditions you may have. Your doctor will take all of these factors into account when deciding if your blood pressure is normal or not.
The normal blood pressure for diabetics is 140/90 mmHg. This means that the systolic pressure (the top number) should be between 120 to 139 mmHg, and the diastolic pressure (the bottom number) should be between 80 to 89 mmHg.
A study published in 2006 found that people with type 1 diabetes who had average blood pressures of 115/75 mmHg or lower had fewer complications from cardiovascular disease than those who had higher average blood pressures.
Keep in mind
Diabetes Mellitus, or Type II diabetes, is a metabolic disorder that occurs when the amount of sugar in the blood is severely high. The body tries to fight against this excess sugar by secreting hormones, including the “fight-or-flight” adrenaline hormone.
This hormone acts as a warning to the rest of the body, letting it know about the drop in sugar levels in the blood. This hormone then signals to the liver to release glucagon.
Glucagon works by driving up glucose levels into muscle cells and other cells throughout the body, which can ultimately lead to side effects such as heart disease and kidney failure.
People with diabetes or insulin resistance have to watch their blood pressure closely. It is important to have a good understanding of how these conditions are linked and how they can be treated if they are getting out of control.
Prevention and treatment of these conditions is important because they are the major cause of deaths in countries with high economic status.
The incidence of death caused by these conditions have increased over time due to increase in the prevalence of the conditions and ageing.
These diseases are related with obesity, which is an underlying cause of the two diseases. Diabetes can affect your heart and blood vessels that can lead to complications if not treated properly.
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