High Blood Pressure Dietary Requirements

  • By: Joseph Benson
  • Time to read: 9 min.

High blood pressure dietary requirements. A healthy diet can help reduce high blood pressure. High blood pressure is the force with which blood moves through the arteries, keeping organs supplied with the nutrients and oxygen they need to work properly.

High blood pressure usually does not cause any symptoms, but can lead to serious health problems if left untreated.

High blood pressure also known as hypertension is a condition wherein there’s a higher degree of blood pressure in the arteries. It can be caused by different factors like obesity, smoking, stress and bad diet.

Usually, the symptoms include dizziness, difficulty in breathing and an abnormal pulse. That’s why it is necessary to look for your high blood pressure dietary requirements and make sure you are following them.

Here’s a rundown of the dietary requirements for people on high blood pressure medications. I’ll discuss what these drugs are and offer tips for coming up with an eating plan that meets them.

While there is a correlation between diet and hypertension, the most effective treatment is typically medication. But there are steps you can take to help control your blood pressure even without prescription drugs.

Important points to note

High Blood Pressure Dietary Requirements

High blood pressure dietary requirements

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a common and serious medical condition. It occurs when your blood pressure (the force of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries) is consistently too high.

High blood pressure increases your risk for heart disease, stroke and kidney failure. If you have high blood pressure, you should take steps to lower it as soon as possible.

Many choices about what you eat can help you manage your blood pressure. The best strategy to manage your blood pressure is to make changes in several areas of your diet and lifestyle not just one aspect alone.

High-sodium foods: Some people with high blood pressure have sodium restrictions because they’re at greater risk for developing complications from the condition.

The American Heart Association recommends that people with high blood pressure limit daily sodium intake to 1,500 milligrams (mg). This is defined as no more than 1 teaspoon of salt per day.

People who are 51 years old or older; who are African American; who have diabetes; who have chronic kidney disease; who have congestive heart failure; or who have lived with heart failure for five years or longer should talk with their doctor about limiting sodium intake even further to less than 1,500 mg per day.

High blood pressure is a risk factor for heart disease and stroke. High blood pressure can be controlled by making lifestyle changes, taking medication, or having surgery to open or bypass your arteries.

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend limiting sodium intake to less than 2,300 mg per day (about 1 teaspoon of salt) and further reducing intake to 1,500 mg per day if you are 51 years old or older;

African American; have diabetes; have chronic kidney disease; have congestive heart failure; or have lived with heart failure for five years or longer.

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High Blood Pressure Dietary Requirements

What is the main cause of high blood pressure?

The main cause of high blood pressure is the narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. This causes a back-up of blood and increases pressure in the blood vessels.

The main causes of narrowing of the arteries include:

Atherosclerosis, where fatty deposits build up on artery walls

High blood pressure can also be caused by other conditions such as kidney disease or diabetes.

Sometime the main cause of high blood pressure is genetics. Your genes may put you at higher risk for developing high blood pressure, but you can take steps to help lower your risk.

In most cases, high blood pressure is a sign that your heart and circulation system need extra help to pump blood through your body. The condition is often called “the silent killer” because it has no symptoms and can go undetected for years.

High blood pressure is associated with an increased risk of heart attack and stroke, which are leading causes of death in the United States. The good news: You can lower your risk of these life-threatening events by taking steps to manage your high blood pressure.

High blood pressure can be treated with lifestyle changes, medication or surgery. If you have high blood pressure, it’s important to make changes to your lifestyle to reduce your risk of developing other health problems.

The main cause of high blood pressure is having one or more risk factors (such as being overweight or smoking) that can lead to changes in your arteries that make them stiffer and less flexible than normal.

These changes increase the resistance of your arteries to blood flow and make it easier for your heart to pump harder and faster to maintain an adequate supply of oxygen-rich blood throughout your body.

The body has many mechanisms to maintain blood pressure within a narrow range, including the autonomic nervous system and kidney function. But it’s important to understand that high blood pressure itself is not an illness it’s a sign of another underlying problem.

Blood pressure numbers are based on two measurements: systolic pressure (the top number) and diastolic pressure (the bottom number). Systolic pressure measures the force of blood against artery walls when the heart beats.

Diastolic pressure measures the force of blood against artery walls between heartbeats, at rest. For example, if your systolic reading is 130 and your diastolic reading is 85, your average blood pressure would be about 115/65 mm Hg.

High Blood Pressure Dietary Requirements

Which fruit is best for high blood pressure?

The best fruits for people with high blood pressure are those that are lower in sodium, fructose and total calories. The DASH diet was developed by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to help lower blood pressure.

A diet rich in fruits and vegetables can help reduce your risk of high blood pressure.

Fruits that are high in potassium may also be beneficial because they can help prevent or control high blood pressure. Potassium helps your body get rid of excess sodium, which is one of the main causes of high blood pressure.

Fruit is also a good source of fiber, which can help lower cholesterol levels and keep you feeling full longer so you don’t overeat. Limiting your intake of saturated fat and cholesterol may also help lower your risk of heart disease and stroke.

The following table lists several fruits that are considered good choices for people with high blood pressure:


High Blood Pressure Benefits


The fiber in apples helps to lower cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease. They also contain antioxidants like quercetin and anthocyanins that protect your heart and lower blood pressure.


Blueberries, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries and other berries are packed with antioxidants that help reduce inflammation in your body and improve circulation. They also contain lots of fiber that can lower cholesterol and improve digestion. In addition, berries are low in calories but high in nutrients.


Cherries can help lower blood pressure thanks to their anthocyanins and potassium content. These two compounds work together to relax your blood vessels so they expand more easily when you need it most during exercise or when you’re stressed out about something.

Red cherries also contain anthocyanins which can help lower LDL (bad) cholesterol levels in your body by reducing inflammation throughout your cardiovascular system.

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High Blood Pressure Dietary Requirements

Can drinking lots of water lower blood pressure?

There is no evidence that simply drinking more water will lower your blood pressure. However, if you drink water instead of other beverages, such as coffee or alcohol, then you may reduce your risk of developing hypertension and related health problems.

Researchers have shown that people who consume more water tend to have lower blood pressure than those who don’t drink much water. This finding has led some people to believe that drinking lots of water will lower blood pressure.

But there is no convincing scientific evidence that this is true. In fact, a large research study found that drinking an extra 2 cups (500 ml) of water per day did not significantly lower blood pressure in people who already had normal blood pressures.

Some studies have found that a high fluid intake may be associated with reduced risk of kidney stones and other kidney diseases such as chronic renal insufficiency.

This may be due to the effects of increased urine output on the kidneys rather than from any direct effect on vasodilation or vascular tone (the ability of the body’s blood vessels to expand and contract).

Although this has not been proven in scientific studies, it is a common belief that drinking plenty of water can help to lower blood pressure.

A study in The Lancet medical journal found that there was no evidence that drinking more than 2 litres (3.8 pints) of water a day could reduce high blood pressure.

However, other research suggests that drinking one litre (1.75 pints) of water a day can lower blood pressure by about five points for those people who already have high blood pressure and by two to three points for those with normal blood pressure.

Drinking too much plain water can make you feel bloated and cause diarrhoea. This is because plain water does not contain any salt or minerals and your body needs these to function properly.

If you want to drink more water, try flavoured varieties such as lemonade or fruit juice instead of just pure water as these contain nutrients which may also aid in lowering your blood pressure.

High Blood Pressure Dietary Requirements

What vitamins will lower blood pressure?

Vitamin C, E and the B-complex are all important in helping to maintain healthy blood pressure levels. Vitamin C helps to prevent the oxidation of LDL (bad) cholesterol, which can lead to plaque deposits in the arteries and ultimately high blood pressure.

Vitamin E also helps to prevent LDL cholesterol from oxidizing, while B vitamins help lower homocysteine levels in the blood. Homocysteine is an amino acid that can damage blood vessels and promote blood clotting, which can increase your risk of heart attack and stroke.

Other nutrients that may help reduce your risk of developing high blood pressure include magnesium, potassium and calcium. Magnesium helps regulate nerve impulses and helps relax muscles throughout the body.

Potassium is essential for maintaining normal nerve cell function and muscle activity throughout the body. Calcium plays a role in regulating muscle contraction, including those involved with pumping blood through the circulatory system to carry oxygen throughout your body.

There are two main classes of vitamins: fat soluble and water soluble. The fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K) are stored in the liver and fatty tissue, while water-soluble vitamins (B complex and C) are not stored but must be consumed daily.

Vitamins A and E help reduce blood pressure by preventing oxidation of LDL cholesterol. Vitamin C is also believed to reduce blood pressure by reducing the risk of developing hypertension.

Vitamin B6 can help lower blood pressure naturally by reducing adrenaline levels in the body. It has also been shown to be effective in reducing high homocysteine levels, which have been linked to heart disease.

High Blood Pressure Dietary Requirements

Keep in mind

While looking over the Mayo Clinic’s high blood pressure dietary requirements, six lifestyle changes come to mind. There are small shifts that can be made to improve one’s diet and reduce blood pressure.

By making these lifestyle changes, people may be able to reduce their blood pressure naturally. These six areas of change include: salt, water intake, alcohol intake, weight loss, physical activity and stress.

The food that you eat has a direct impact on your health. Not only can your daily diet affect your body, but also it can impact the way that you age and prepare for long term care.

With High Blood Pressure, a diet that is high in sodium can lead to an increase in blood pressure levels. This issue might not be immediately felt when it first occurs, but if left unchecked, the effects can be detrimental to your overall health.

So it is important to consider your dietary requirements and develop a healthier lifestyle, especially if you are predisposed to developing High Blood Pressure.

For a number of people with this condition, there are certain foods they should avoid altogether while others they should avoid only in very large quantities. Beef and pork are considered two of the richer sources of salt, but fish and poultry may also contribute to higher levels of sodium.

Even for those with High Blood Pressure who do not eat meat or seafood regularly or at all, there are other high salt foods that must be considered as well (citrus juices and pickled products).

The best diet for an individual with high blood pressure is the one that they will stick to. The key is to find a diet that works with their lifestyle and it has to also be natural and healthy so when they go off the diet they don’t gain all the weight back.

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