Why Diabetes Causes Kidney Failure? | How to Tackle it

  • By: Joseph Benson
  • Time to read: 10 min.

Why diabetes causes kidney failure? People are aware that diabetes can impact kidneys but not many of them know why exactly? Why do diabetics develop kidney failure? Even if there is shortage of information in this regard, it would definitely help avoid unnecessary questions and inqueries.

Diabetes is a disease which affects the amount of glucose in your body. When you have too much glucose in your blood, it can damage the blood vessels and organs such as the eyes, heart, and kidneys. After years of high blood sugar, high blood pressure and obesity can eventually cause kidney failure.

Diabetes causes serious complications and problems, including kidney, eye and nerve problems. In diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin to allow glucose to enter some cells in the body (specifically fat, liver and muscle cells). This results in dangerously high concentrations of glucose in your blood stream.

Type 2 diabetes is a growing global epidemic. The number of people affected by the condition will increase from 366 million in 2000 to 592 million by 2030.

In the United States, 29.1 million people, 9.3% of the population had diabetes in 2010, and according to a study published in Diabetes Care journal, that number is expected to almost double to 56.9 million by 2050.

Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not make enough insulin or does not use it well. Insulin helps sugar get into the body’s cells to give them energy.

In diabetes, either too much sugar gets into the blood or not enough insulin is produced. The extra sugar passes out of the blood and makes urine thick. The kidneys try to remove extra sugar from the body by filtering it out through urine.

Helpful tips to note down

  • Why diabetes causes kidney failure?
  • How long does diabetes take to damage kidneys?
  • What are the signs of kidney failure in diabetics?
  • How can I protect my kidneys from diabetes?
  • How to improve kidney function?
  • Diabetic kidney disease treatment
Why Diabetes Causes Kidney Failure

Why diabetes causes kidney failure?

Diabetes is a disease of the pancreas. The pancreas is a small gland that lies near the stomach and secretes insulin, which is necessary for the proper use of carbohydrate, fat and protein by the body’s cells.

Diabetes causes high blood glucose levels because the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot use its own insulin as it should. This results in an accumulation of glucose (sugar) in the blood and urine.

The kidneys filter excess fluids and waste products from your blood. When they are damaged by diabetes, they can no longer do their job properly, causing kidney failure.

How does diabetes damage my kidneys?

People with diabetes have high blood pressure (hypertension), which damages their kidneys over time. High blood pressure occurs when there is too much fluid in your blood vessels or when the heart pumps harder to move blood through arteries that have been narrowed by fatty deposits (atherosclerosis).

Both conditions increase resistance to blood flow throughout your body, including in your kidneys. Over time this stress causes damage to both large and small blood vessels within your kidneys leading to kidney failure.

High blood pressure is a major risk factor for kidney disease. When you have high blood pressure, your kidneys are working harder to filter and remove waste products from your body. Over time, this extra work can cause damage to the tiny blood vessels within your kidneys.

High blood pressure is called essential hypertension when no underlying cause can be found. It’s estimated that 90 percent of people with high blood pressure have essential hypertension.

The remainder may have secondary hypertension, which means the condition develops as a result of another illness or condition. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of secondary hypertension in adults.

As many as one-third of all people with diabetes develop high blood pressure at some point during their lives. People who have both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are more likely to develop high blood pressure than those who have only one form of the disease.

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Why Diabetes Causes Kidney Failure

How long does diabetes take to damage kidneys?

Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose enter cells and provide energy. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body’s cells.

If you have diabetes, your blood sugar levels are too high. This can lead to serious problems, including heart disease and kidney damage.

How long does diabetes take to damage kidneys?

The kidneys are glands that filter waste products from your blood and excrete them in your urine. They also control how much water is retained in your body.

Kidney damage usually occurs when the kidneys aren’t able to remove enough fluid from your blood due to blockage or scarring (glomerulosclerosis).

Glucomannan may help with this condition by lowering blood pressure and increasing urine output, allowing for less fluid retention in your body.

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located just below each side of the spine in the back of your abdomen. Their main function is to remove waste products from your blood stream, so they play an important role in helping maintain good health.

If you have diabetes and one or both of your kidneys fail, it’s known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This occurs when a person’s kidneys no longer function properly due to kidney damage caused by high blood sugar levels over time.

Diabetes is a disease of the pancreas that causes high blood sugar levels. This can cause serious damage to your body, including your heart, eyes and kidneys.

The earlier you are diagnosed with diabetes, the better your chances of preventing problems later on. People who have diabetes should work closely with their doctors to keep their blood sugar levels under control.

People with diabetes either don’t make enough insulin (Type 1 diabetes) or can’t use their own insulin as well as they should (Type 2 diabetes).

As a result, glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, where it belongs. Over time, too much glucose can cause serious damage to many of your body’s systems, including your kidneys.

If you have diabetes, it’s important to know about its potential long-term effects on your kidneys so that you can take steps to prevent problems from developing or get them treated early if they do show up.

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Why Diabetes Causes Kidney Failure

What are the signs of kidney failure in diabetics?

Kidneys are made up of millions of tiny filters called nephrons. Each nephron has a glomerulus (tiny ball) at its beginning, which filters blood into urine.

The three main symptoms of kidney disease are:

High blood pressure (hypertension). This is a condition where the force of blood flowing through your arteries is too high. It can be caused by narrowing (constriction) or thickening (atherosclerosis) of the arteries that supply your heart with blood and can lead to serious health problems if it isn’t treated.

High blood pressure increases your risk of heart attack and stroke, two leading causes of death in the United States.

– Recurring UTIs (urinary tract infections). A UTI occurs when bacteria enter the urethra and travel up into the bladder, causing an infection.

Symptoms include frequent urination, burning while peeing, pain or discomfort when you pee that may be worse with sex and/or exercise, cloudy or strong smelling urine and pelvic pain that may be worse during or after sex.

– Feeling tired all the time or having no energy to do things you once enjoyed is another sign of kidney failure in diabetics.

– Weight loss is also a symptom of kidney failure in diabetics because they have trouble retaining nutrients from their food due to a loss of appetite.

– Muscle cramps can occur due to dehydration caused by excessive urination (polyuria) and low blood pressure (hypotension), which can lead to dehydration.

In addition to muscle cramps, there may be muscle weakness as well as numbness in the hands and feet due to nerve damage caused by diabetes complications like neuropathy (nerve damage).

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Why Diabetes Causes Kidney Failure

How can I protect my kidneys from diabetes?

The good news is that you can take action to protect your kidneys from diabetes. One of the most important things you can do for your health is to keep your blood sugar under control.

High blood sugar damages the small blood vessels in your kidneys, which can lead to chronic kidney disease. You can also protect your kidneys by making healthy lifestyle choices and getting regular physical activity.

Manage your blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure, getting it under control will help protect your kidneys.

If you smoke cigarettes or use other tobacco products, stop! These habits are associated with an increased risk of developing diabetes and kidney disease.

Control your blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure, take action to lower it. High blood pressure damages the kidneys over time.

Eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes (beans), and drink plenty of water each day. Include physical activity in your daily routine for at least 150 minutes per week.

Monitor your blood glucose levels regularly at least twice a year and see your doctor if they are too high or too low, especially if you have been diagnosed with prediabetes or diabetes.

Take steps to reduce high blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure is a major risk factor for kidney disease.

Use your medications, such as ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), to lower high blood pressure. These drugs also help protect the kidneys from injury caused by high blood pressure.

Take good care of your feet to prevent foot ulcers. If you have trouble with your feet, see a podiatrist or a wound care specialist for regular checkups and treatment.

Eat a healthy diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, fish and other healthful foods. Avoid eating too much salt (sodium), which causes fluid retention that can aggravate swelling in the legs and feet.

Talk with your doctor about how much salt is safe for you to eat. Exercise regularly to keep your heart strong and healthy this will also help reduce stress on your kidneys.

Ask your doctor whether it’s safe for you to stop taking some of your medications if they’re not helping anymore or they cause side effects like nausea or stomach upset.

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Why Diabetes Causes Kidney Failure

How to improve kidney function?

Eat a healthy diet and avoid foods that might damage the kidneys. Foods such as spinach and beets contain nitrates that may help to protect the kidneys from damage. Other foods to eat include beans, nuts and seeds, fish, olive oil and whole grains.

Stop smoking if you smoke. Smoking can cause scarring in the kidneys and reduces their ability to filter blood effectively.

Exercise regularly. Physical activity helps increase blood flow through the body, including the kidneys. It also improves muscle tone and strength both of which are important for maintaining good kidney function as you age.

Reduce stress in your life. Stress can cause your body to release hormones that can damage your kidneys over time. Don’t smoke. Smoking increases the risk of kidney disease and kidney failure.

Drink alcohol in moderation. Alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Stay active and exercise regularly. Exercise helps maintain a healthy weight, which reduces the strain on your kidneys and may help slow down CKD progression if you have early stages of kidney disease.

Eat healthfully and avoid processed foods containing high amounts of sodium or sugars, which can contribute to high blood pressure and diabetes both risk factors for kidney disease.

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Why Diabetes Causes Kidney Failure

Diabetic kidney disease treatment

Diabetic kidney disease treatment is a long-term process that requires close medical monitoring to ensure that blood sugar levels stay under control. Treatment may include:

Medications. Oral medications can help control blood sugar and reduce the amount of insulin needed by your body. Insulin injections may be needed if your diabetes cannot be controlled with oral medications alone.

Diet changes. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains helps keep blood glucose levels under control, while limiting foods high in fat and calories may help you lose weight if you’re overweight or obese.

Exercise. Regular physical activity helps improve blood flow to your kidneys and increases kidney function. You should aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise on most days of the week, although more is better until you’re able to reach this goal comfortably.

Blood pressure control. High blood pressure can damage your kidneys over time, so controlling it with medications or lifestyle changes is important for people with diabetic kidney disease.

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Why Diabetes Causes Kidney Failure

End of the line

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder which occurs due to defects in insulin production or insensitivity of insulin receptors. The effects of diabetes on kidney are varied. Here we will discuss why diabetes causes kidney failure.

Diabetes, which is actually a group of diseases in which the level of glucose in the blood is unbalanced, can cause kidney failure. Diabetes may still be considered as a special disease.

Believe it or not, one of the negative function of diabetes is that it can be a dangerous disease for your organs. This is why diabetes has an increased risk of damaging kidneys and causing kidney failure.

While diabetes is well under control, you should still follow your diet and take required medications in order to keep the kidney functions working properly.

It is therefore important to visit a physician regularly to get a check up and have necessary tests performed to find out the progress of your disease. Diabetes causes more complications including kidney failure.

While earlier detection can prevent kidney failure, patients with diabetes should be aware of its symptoms and always get it diagnosed timely.

With the early diagnosis, proper treatment, and management of blood glucose level, the risks of kidney failure can be reduced. Moreover, combined treatment of diabetes and high blood pressure are effective in preventing kidney failure.

In general, early and regular check-up is necessary for people with diabetes to reduce the risk of kidney injury. Diabetes patients should also consciously control their diet. High protein diet and foods that contain too much fat should be avoided.

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