The sensation of pain or numbness happens due to the changes in the cells, fibres with poor blood circulation, poor supply of nutrition and nerve damage.
Diabetic neuropathy is a condition caused by diabetes. Blood sugars not only damage your cardiovascular system, but also affect the nervous system.
Diabetes is the fastest growing chronic disease in the world, according to the World Health Organization. A staggering 347 million people have diabetes. Since there is no cure for this condition, it’s spreading like wildfire.
In type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system attacks and kills beta cells in the pancreas. This can cause frequent urination, extreme thirst, and make it hard to concentrate. Later on, it can lead to ketoacidosis, coma and even death.
Sufferers of diabetes should be prepared for the potential outcome for the condition, which is Neuropathy, although it is not an immediate result as there are stages where family members can intervene with ways to prevent the final outcome, by treating the symptoms.
Diabetes is a common ailment which hurts the nerves of people causing various nerve related problems in them.
Here we are going to learn about diabetes causes neuropathy, prognosis for diabetic neuropathy, symptoms, causes of diabetic neuropathy, management and more.
- Why diabetes causes neuropathy?
- What type of neuropathy is caused by diabetes?
- How does diabetes affect the peripheral nerves?
- What is the main cause of neuropathy?
- Can you stop diabetic neuropathy?
- Does exercise help neuropathy?
- What is the best vitamin for neuropathy?
- Will lowering blood sugar help neuropathy?
- How do you fix diabetic neuropathy?
Why diabetes causes neuropathy?
Diabetes is the most common cause of neuropathy. In diabetes, high blood sugar levels damage blood vessels, especially those in the feet and legs. This can cause serious complications, including nerve damage.
The longer you have diabetes and the higher your blood sugar levels are, the more likely it is that you’ll develop diabetic neuropathy.
If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the sooner you start taking care of your disease, the better off you’ll be and the less likely it will be that you’ll develop neuropathy.
Diabetes affects all ages equally, but it’s more common among people who are older than 60 years of age and overweight or obese individuals with a body mass index (BMI) greater than 25 kg/m2 who have high blood pressure (hypertension).
This also includes people who have a family history of type 2 diabetes or pre-diabetes.
Diabetes, a disease that affects the body’s ability to produce or use insulin, can cause nerve damage in the feet and hands. This nerve damage is called diabetic neuropathy.
Diabetes can cause several types of neuropathy nerve damage. The most common form is peripheral neuropathy, which affects nerves outside the brain and spinal cord.
Peripheral neuropathy causes tingling, pain and burning sensations in the hands and feet, muscle weakness and foot ulcers.
Neuropathic pain affects 50 percent to 70 percent of people with diabetes and occurs when damaged nerves send incorrect signals to your brain.
Neuropathic pain can occur as a result of many different conditions, including cancer, fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s disease and shingles (herpes zoster).
The most common cause of neuropathy in people with diabetes is poor blood flow (poor circulation) from blocked blood vessels.
This can lead to high blood sugar levels over time and eventually damage small blood vessels throughout your body (diabetic microangiopathy).
Nerve damage usually occurs first in areas with poor circulation like the feet or legs.
Diabetes is a chronic condition that causes high blood sugar levels. It can lead to serious complications, including heart disease and stroke, nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy), and kidney failure.
Diabetes is a group of diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels due to defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. It is caused by an inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin to maintain a normal metabolism.
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in adults, but can also occur during childhood if it’s not treated properly. In many people with type 2 diabetes, obesity is a major risk factor.
Neuropathy (abnormalities or changes in the peripheral nervous system) affects up to 80% of people with diabetes and may begin at any stage of the disease’s progression.
Certain nerves are more likely to be affected than others. The most common types of neuropathy include peripheral sensory neuropathy (loss of sensation) and autonomic neuropathy (loss of function).
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What type of neuropathy is caused by diabetes?
Peripheral neuropathy. This is the most common type of neuropathy in people with diabetes. Peripheral neuropathy causes numbness, tingling, burning sensations and weakness in your arms and legs.
It also can affect your balance and coordination. Autonomic neuropathy (also called autonomic nervous system dysfunction). Autonomic neuropathy affects your nerves that control involuntary body functions such as blood pressure and digestion.
You may have problems swallowing, a feeling of fullness after eating only a small meal and/or constipation. Diabetic amyotrophy (also called Charcot’s disease).
This rare condition causes pain, weakness and paralysis in your thighs and legs due to the death of certain nerves in those areas. Diabetic amyotrophy usually occurs in people who have had diabetes for many years.
Metabolic disorders such as hyperparathyroidism, hypothyroidism and vitamin B12 deficiency (megaloblastic anemia) can cause peripheral neuropathy.
These conditions disrupt the body’s ability to deliver oxygen and nutrients to your nerves. As a result, they may become damaged or inflamed.
Infections can also cause peripheral neuropathy, including viral infections such as HIV/AIDS and bacterial infections like Lyme disease and syphilis.
Viral infections that make you more susceptible to other diseases (co-infections) can also cause peripheral neuropathy by damaging your nerve cells. Bacterial infections typically occur after some other type of injury to the nerves, such as from diabetes or alcoholism.
The bacteria invade healthy tissue and then spread through your bloodstream into your nervous system until they reach your spinal cord or brain stem.
There they can cause serious damage if left untreated even leading to death in some cases. The most common form of neuropathy is diabetic neuropathy, which affects up to 40 percent of people with diabetes.
It’s characterized by numbness and tingling in the hands and feet, a burning sensation in the feet, and loss of muscle strength. The symptoms can range from mild to severe and may include pain, fatigue, weakness and even paralysis.
Diabetic neuropathy occurs when the blood vessels supplying oxygen to your nerves are damaged by high glucose levels. If left untreated, diabetic neuropathy can lead to infection, ulcers and gangrene (tissue death).
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How does diabetes affect the peripheral nerves?
Diabetes affects the peripheral nerves, which are responsible for the proper functioning of the feet. The peripheral nerves can be damaged by high blood sugar levels. This damages and destroys the nerve cells, which can lead to a loss of feeling in the feet.
The first signs of diabetes affecting the peripheral nerves include numbness and tingling sensations in the feet. As it gets worse, people may experience pain, burning and even muscle weakness in their feet.
When this happens, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible because it could be a sign of nerve damage that requires treatment.
Diabetes can affect peripheral nerves because high blood sugar levels cause damage to cell membranes, leading to cell death.
This type of damage occurs over time if blood sugar levels remain high over many years. If you have diabetes, it is important to control your blood sugar levels so they do not get too high or low.
If you have diabetes and notice any of these symptoms in your feet or hands, see your doctor immediately. Diabetes affects the peripheral nerves by damaging the cells that make up the nerve fibers themselves.
This damage can lead to sensory problems such as numbness or tingling in the feet or hands. It can also lead to motor problems such as muscle weakness or paralysis.
If you have diabetes and notice any changes in sensation or strength in your feet or hands, see your doctor immediately.
Diabetes is a disease in which the body has high levels of glucose, or sugar, in the blood. Glucose comes from food, and is the main source of energy for cells in your body.
Insulin is a hormone that helps your body use glucose from food to produce energy. Diabetes occurs when your body is unable to produce enough insulin or when it cannot properly use the insulin it produces.
Without enough insulin, glucose builds up in your blood instead of being used for energy. High blood sugar can cause serious problems over time, including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure and nerve damage.
The peripheral nervous system includes all nerves outside the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system). When you have diabetes, peripheral nerves are exposed to high levels of glucose for long periods of time.
The excess sugar causes the peripheral nerves to lose their ability to transmit signals properly through their protective covering (myelin) and into nerve fibers. This process is called demyelination.
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What is the main cause of neuropathy?
Injury or trauma to the nerve tissue. This can be from accidents or surgery, but also from repetitive activities that stress the nerves, like typing on a computer keyboard or playing the piano.
Some medicines can cause neuropathy. These include drugs used to treat high blood pressure (antihypertensives), diabetes (sulfonylureas and insulin), thyroid disease (carbimazole or propylthiouracil), heartburn (cimetidine), cancer medications (cisplatin), some antibiotics (streptomycin), and many others.
Neuropathy is a syndrome that affects the nervous system. It is characterized by numbness, tingling, pain and weakness in the limbs. There are many causes of neuropathy but the most common ones are diabetes mellitus, alcoholism and vitamin deficiencies.
The main cause of neuropathy is diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is a chronic disease that requires long-term treatment with insulin. When blood sugar levels become too high because of an insufficient supply of insulin, nerve cells in the body die off because they cannot absorb glucose for energy production.
The poor supply of oxygen to these dead cells leads to further cell death, which can result in permanent damage to the nervous system.
Alcoholism also increases the risk of developing neuropathy since alcohol interferes with nerve function by damaging nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord.
The damage caused by alcoholism may be reversible if one stops drinking alcohol immediately but some permanent damage may occur if one continues drinking even after being diagnosed with neuropathy.
Neuropathy is a medical condition that affects the nervous system, causing pain and numbness in the hands and feet. It may also cause muscle weakness or tingling or burning sensations.
The exact causes of neuropathy are not known. But the condition can be caused by diabetes, vitamin deficiency, infection, injury to nerves or other health conditions.
Diabetes is the most common cause of neuropathic pain, but sometimes it has no clear cause. Other causes include:
Injuries to nerves during surgery
Injuries to nerves from poor circulation in the hands or feet (Raynaud’s disease)
Vitamin B12 deficiency or folic acid deficiency
Infections such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C and Lyme disease.
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Can you stop diabetic neuropathy?
Diabetic neuropathy is a chronic disease that causes numbness, tingling and pain in the hands and feet. It usually occurs in people who have had diabetes for a long time.
If you’re diagnosed with diabetes and have been experiencing symptoms of diabetic neuropathy, there are steps you can take to prevent further damage to your nerves.
What are the symptoms?
The most common symptom is pain or numbness in the hands and feet, which can be felt when walking or standing up. You may also experience muscle cramps and muscle weakness.
Other symptoms include:
Tingling in your fingers, toes or limbs
Burning sensations in your hands or feet
You can’t cure diabetic neuropathy. But there are ways to help reduce its symptoms.
Diabetic neuropathy is a damage to nerves in the body that causes symptoms like pain, numbness or tingling. It’s caused by high blood sugar levels and other diabetes complications.
There are two types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes develops when the body stops producing insulin, which is a hormone that helps turn food into energy. This type occurs most often in children and young adults, but it can happen at any age.
Type 2 diabetes happens when your body doesn’t use insulin normally. This type usually develops in adulthood and is more common among people who are overweight.
If you have diabetes, your doctor will need to check your blood sugar levels regularly throughout the day and night. High blood sugar levels can damage nerves throughout your body not just in your feet so it’s important to keep them under control.
Neuropathy usually affects both feet at the same time. It may be more severe on one side than the other. Some people have only mild symptoms, while others have severe pain and numbness.
If you have diabetes and are experiencing numbness or tingling in your feet or legs, see your doctor right away. Your doctor will likely refer you to a neurologist with experience treating diabetic neuropathy.
Diabetic neuropathy can’t be cured, but there are ways to manage it so that it doesn’t get worse.
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Does exercise help neuropathy?
Exercise can help a lot of conditions. It can help you lose weight, prevent disease, and even boost your mood. But does exercise help neuropathy?
Neuropathy is a condition that causes pain, numbness and tingling in the hands and feet. It’s caused by damage to nerves in the body. This article explains how exercise might help ease symptoms of neuropathy.
The link between exercise and neuropathy
Exercise has been proven to be beneficial to people with diabetes. For example, physical activity can lower blood sugar levels and reduce your risk for heart disease and stroke.
More details on this! The short answer is yes, exercise may help reduce pain and other symptoms of neuropathy.
Neuropathy is a condition that causes nerve damage. It can affect your balance, muscle strength and ability to feel sensations like heat, cold and touch.
Other causes include alcoholism, infections, autoimmune disorders, chemotherapy drugs and certain medications.
Neuropathy can cause numbness or tingling in your feet and hands (sometimes both) known as peripheral neuropathy as well as weakness or loss of muscle strength in your arms or legs known as distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSPN).
DSPN can make it hard for you to walk normally and may cause falls. It can also make it difficult for you to grip objects such as a steering wheel or handlebar of a bicycle or motorcycle.
The three most common types of neuropathy are peripheral neuropathy, autonomic neuropathy and mononeuropathy multiplex.
Neuropathy usually develops gradually over time and may be caused by diabetes, vitamin deficiencies or other conditions. The symptoms can include numbness, tingling and pain in the affected areas.
Exercise helps improve mobility in people with neuropathy by increasing blood flow to the limbs and muscles. This can help reduce pain and stiffness in your arms and legs.
But exercise won’t cure your underlying condition or reverse any damage it’s already done to your nerves.
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What is the best vitamin for neuropathy?
The best vitamin for neuropathy is vitamin B12. It’s the only vitamin that has been shown to help people with diabetic neuropathy (the most common type of nerve damage).
Vitamin B12 deficiency is also linked to other types of nerve damage, including:
Peripheral neuropathy. This is a general term for any kind of nerve damage that affects the arms, legs, and torso. Peripheral neuropathy can be caused by nerve damage from diabetes, but it can also happen for other reasons.
For example, if you have celiac disease or other autoimmune conditions, your body may attack healthy nerves in an effort to fight off infections or viruses.
Autonomic neuropathy. This occurs when your brain sends signals to your nerves that control involuntary actions like breathing, digestion and sweating but those signals never reach their destination.
Autonomic neuropathy often causes problems with bladder control and digestive problems like diarrhea and constipation. Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD).
These include three conditions: Devic’s disease (which causes inflammation in the spinal cord), optic neuritis (inflammation of optic nerves) and transverse myelitis (inflammation of spinal cord tissue).
Vitamin B12 is one of the most important vitamins for neuropathy, as it can help reduce nerve damage.
The form of vitamin B12 that is best for neuropathy is called methylcobalamin and is made by Albion Labs.
Vitamin B12 helps your body make red blood cells and keep the nervous system healthy. It also keeps your brain and spinal cord working properly.
When you have neuropathy, you may not be able to absorb enough vitamin B12 from your food or supplements. That’s why it’s important to take a higher dose than normal.
Taking a supplement that contains vitamin B12 will help reduce nerve damage and improve your symptoms.
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Will lowering blood sugar help neuropathy?
Neuropathy is a nervous system disorder that affects your peripheral nerves, which are nerves that connect your brain and spinal cord to other parts of your body. This can result in pain and numbness in the feet, hands or arms.
Neuropathy can affect anyone at any age and it can be a result of several different illnesses such as diabetes, kidney disease, autoimmune disorders and vitamin deficiencies.
The good news is there are treatments available to help manage neuropathy symptoms such as pain and tingling sensations.
These include medications like tricyclic antidepressants (amitriptyline), anticonvulsants (gabapentin) anti-seizure medications (pregabalin) or even opioids if needed to help control pain levels.
Lowering blood sugar levels can ease neuropathy by reducing damage to nerves. This is because high blood sugar levels can lead to nerve damage by causing high levels of glucose in the bloodstream.
High glucose levels cause an increase in free radicals that damage cells throughout the body, including nerve cells (neurons). High glucose levels also cause problems with cell function by affecting sodium channels on nerve cells (neurons).
These sodium channels allow positively charged sodium ions into cells through pores in their cell membranes.
When these channels malfunction due to too much glucose in the bloodstream, sodium leaks out of neurons too quickly and causes them to die prematurely.
Lowering your blood sugar levels may also help relieve neuropathy symptoms. If you have diabetes, your doctor can prescribe medication to help control your blood sugar levels.
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How do you fix diabetic neuropathy?
There is no cure for diabetic neuropathy. Treatment is aimed at relieving pain and improving the quality of life.
The following treatment options are available:
Medications to relieve pain. A number of medications can help reduce the pain of diabetic neuropathy, including certain antidepressants (amitriptyline).
Tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline, gabapentin (Neurontin), carbamazepine (Tegretol), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), or pregabalin (Lyrica) may be prescribed.
Opioids can also be used to treat persistent pain. However, these medications have side effects and should not be taken without consulting your doctor first.
Physical therapy. Exercise improves blood flow and reduces nerve damage caused by diabetes mellitus. Physical therapists can teach you exercises that stretch your muscles and help improve your balance and coordination.
Dietary supplements such as vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) or omega-3 fatty acids may also help reduce the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy by increasing oxygenation to affected nerves.
Anticonvulsants. Anticonvulsants can also help relieve pain, especially nerve pain that feels like an electric shock or burning sensation. Gabapentin (Neurontin) is used most often.
It’s usually taken twice a day in high doses up to 1,200 milligrams daily but taking it at bedtime may help you sleep better.
Injections of local anesthetics or steroids into the affected area are sometimes helpful for severe neuralgia involving nerves outside the brain and spinal cord (peripheral neuropathy).
Nerve blocks with local anesthetics may also be helpful in some cases of chronic pain from diabetic neuropathy. For more-severe cases of peripheral neuropathy in which medications don’t work well enough, surgery may be an option.
Injections with botulinum toxin can temporarily reduce symptoms by paralyzing muscles that cause spasticity and pain; this treatment is not recommended for people with autonomic neuropathies.
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The bottom line
Diabetes is a long-term illness that has to be managed, and the long-term complications can be debilitating. The key to effectively managing type 1 diabetes is to keep your blood glucose levels within target range day to day.
Diabetic neuropathy refers to the condition that can arise when people with diabetes do not keep their blood glucose levels within range.
If you have type 1 diabetes and feel symptoms of numbness, tingling, or pain in your feet, hands, arms, legs, or anywhere else in your body…you could have diabetic neuropathy. It is caused by too much sugar in the blood affecting the nerves.
Neuropathy refers to nerve disorders, which occur when your nerves lose proper functioning for an extended period of time.
This is largely due to poor blood circulation and also from high glucose levels in the blood, factors that are common in patients with diabetes.
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